This April marks the 108th anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic.
Here is an explainer video that looks at what happened to the Titanic and why it is one of the most famous disasters that took place in the 20th Century.
This is a quick an easy way to learn all the basic facts about an important piece of British History.
On 10th April 1912 The RMS Titanic set sail on its maiden voyage.
The ships journey was to last six days and would travel from Southampton in England, to Cherbourg in France, to Cobh in Ireland and then to its final destination, New York in the United States.
The Titanic was considered to be the epitome of luxury and sophistication. With only the richest of the rich being able to afford first class tickets on the ship.
On board there were many grand features. This included various dining rooms, a swimming pool, a gymnasium, and the famous grand staircase that connected the boats deck with the lower levels. The boat also had full electricity and running water.
The Titanic was advertised as ‘the unsinkable ship’ when it was first built.
This is because it was built with sixteen water chambers underneath the ship. The Titanic could survive four of these chambers taking on water.
Despite the Titanic being called ‘The Unsinkable Ship’, four days into the maiden voyage, the Titanic hit an iceberg at 11:40pm and began to sink. The ships lookouts failed to notice the oncoming icebergs and the boat was struck on the starboard (or right) side.
Five of the chambers were ripped open and filled all sixteen chambers with water. This was irreparable damage and the ship had to be evacuated.
The alarm was raised and passengers hurried to the deck of the ship where they boarded lifeboats.
Tradition called for women and children to board first however there were not enough boats to accommodate all of the passengers.
Of the 2,224 people aboard the Titanic only 704 people survived.
After a few hours the ship had taken on too much water and began to sink beneath the surface.
The Titanic broke in two and the two parts fell to the bottom of the ocean.
The remains of the Titanic were discovered in 1985, more than 70 years after it crashed into an iceberg. The shipwreck still remains at the bottom of the ocean today.