Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said on Tuesday his country will not allow the US president-elect Donald Trump to cancel the nuclear deal.
Rouhani warned from unspecified “repercussions” if Washington stepped back its agreement.
Speaking in front of Tehran’s University students, the Iranian president asked the students: “Do you think the United States can cancel the comprehensive joint action plan of the nuclear deal?” He added.” Trump wants to do a lot of things, but we will not be affected by any of his actions.”
The US president-elect is expected to drive the US foreign policy in a very different direction supported by the Republicans majority inside the US congress. Trump announced already during his presidential campaign that he would cancel the Iranian nuclear agreement. He called the agreement “disastrous” and said he will “rip it up” in his statements.
The nuclear deal was concluded in July 2015, after negotiations between Iran and UN Security Council’s five permanent members in addition to Germany (the P5+1 group) in order to ensure the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program in exchange for the gradually lifting of economic sanctions from Teharn.
These Sanctions was legitimated inside the US according to the Penal Code against Iran that was firstly acknowledged in 1996.
This Code impose sanctions on investment with Iran in the energy sector, and to discourage Tehran for its efforts to acquire nuclear weapons.
Last week, The US Congress approved a renewal for this Penal Code. The renewal doesn’t mean extending sanctions against Tehran.
The code is waiting now to be signed by the US President to go into effect for another 10 years.
Obama’s White House spokesperson Eric Schultz said to journalists last Tuesday:” I expect the President will sign the Code’s renewal.” He added “We believe the renewal of sanctions against Iran is unnecessary. However, we also believe the renewal of the current Code is necessary and will not affect the nuclear deal.”
The US Congress, believe the renewal of the Penal Code will give Donald Trump stronger powers to punish Iran in case of its failure to meet its obligations in the nuclear agreement.
The team of the President-elect is looking to impose new sanctions on Iran regarding its program of ballistic missile according to Financial Times report last Friday based on sources inside the US Congress.
Former Iranian President adviser, and the director of the Iranian Centre for Studies in London, Ali Nouri Zadeh, told Westminster World: “Trump’s remarks predicts a tougher US stance towards Iran. This could earn more power to militants inside Iran including Rouhani’s opponents.”
Inside Iran, this potential renewal for the Code triggered a tidal wave of anger.
Iran’s supreme leader, Ali Khamenei said the renewal will be considered as a violation from the US side to the nuclear deal.
Rouhani’s reformists moderate camp inside Iran consider the nuclear deal as their main success that needs to be maintained. The election of Trump increased the reformists’ fears just few months before the Iranian presidential elections.
Rouhani who is who expected to run for a second presidential tenure is already facing fierce opposition from the hard-line camp inside Iran whom see his open door policy caused serious damage to Iran over the last couple of years.
Last Thursday, Iranian’s MPs planned to prepare an “extremely urgent” draft law to resume all nuclear activities in the country in response to the US congress decision.
The Editor in Chief of Global Arab Network in London, Ghasan Ibrahim told us: “The United States will not violate the nuclear deal. There are other forms for the United States to pressure on.”
Human rights situation in Iran still at stake. This brought severe criticism from the international community to the Iranian regime.
Although the election of Rouhani in 2013 who is considered to be moderate, Repressive elements within the security and intelligence forces, as well as the judiciary, retained wide powers in Iran and continued to be the main perpetrators of rights abuses. Executions, especially for drug-related offenses, increased sharply from previous years according to Human Rights watch report 2016.
” What is the situation of human rights in Iran? Ghasan Ibrahim wondered” What about Iranian interference in Syria and Yemen?” He added” Other regional powers in the Middle East such as Saudi Arabia want to curb the Iranian role. This is an important meeting point between Trump’s new administration and the regional powers in the Middle East.”
Tomorrow, Rouhani will meet with the Iranian Experts Committee overseeing the implementation of the nuclear deal. This meeting will determine what the Iranians’ practical reaction will be.